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Entrepreneur Gilbert Makelele wanted armed groups in his part of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) to wake up and smell the coffee. “You should tell the population to grow coffee, as it’s the best way for them to make money,” he told a militia member during a recent visit to the town of Kalonge, where he and his fellow cooperative members have planted a nursery for coffee seedlings. The Kivu Cooperative of Coffee Planters and Traders (CPNCK), which Makelele founded in 2008, has planted six of these nurseries in the Kalonge-Pinga-Mweso triangle, a hotbed of militia activity.